Alan Gardner

External Eye Exam

"Reasoning is over-rated. In time, you will know an abnormal retina not because you reasoned your way to the answer, but because you have seen it before. When confronted by Grandma you don't stop and think, "Hmm, elderly woman, short, white hair, smells funny... AH! By this train of thought, this is Grandma!" No. You know Grandma because you've seen her before."
-Dr. Larry Hansen, Professor of Pathology, U.C. San Diego School of Medicine


External Eye Exam is an exciting, practical application that teaches you how to recognize common external eye pathologies. Without a doubt, the images contained in the External Eye Exam library will be seen in clinic. The abnormal eyes are presented in a rapid quiz format and are organized according to clinical relevance and which will be encountered most frequently. For each image, there is a concise description to make each pathology distinguishable. External Eye Exam also includes options to create custom quizzes and to see specific images from the collection.


Repetition is the branding iron of knowledge and this application may help make healthcare providers better at recognizing external eye pathology. Students of all backgrounds, including medical, optometry, nursing, paramedic, emergency medical technician, pharmacy, and undergraduate will discover that External Eye Exam is an enjoyable and efficient way to learn. Professionals, including MDs, DOs, PAs, NPs, RNs, NDs, paramedics, EMT-Bs, residents, and interns, will find that iEye Retina is a fun, interactive way to brush up on the external eye examination. Medical students studying for Step 1 and Step 2 of the USMLE (United States Medical Licensing Exam) will find External Eye Exam extremely high yield in preparing for the multimedia questions. In addition, External Eye Exam is straightforward and can be used by anyone interested in learning about common eye problems and conditions.


Compatible with iPhone and iPod touch.
Requires iPhone 3.0 Software Update or above.



A special thank you for granting permission to use the photos found in this app:

Thank you to the following people for their hard work, feedback, and suggestions in making this app:

  • Christie Fujinaka, Western University of Health Sciences, M.S.P.A. program
  • Trevor Fujinaka, Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo
  • Li Philips, University of Hawaii at Manoa
  • Charlie Goldberg, M.D., University of California, San Diego
  • Harry Colt, M.D., Maine Dartmouth Family Medicine
  • Yuna Rapoport, M.D., M.P.H., Northwestern University, Chicago