Alan Gardner

iEye Retina

"Reasoning is over-rated. In time, you will know an abnormal retina not because you reasoned your way to the answer, but because you have seen it before. When confronted by Grandma you don't stop and think, "Hmm, elderly woman, short, white hair, smells funny... AH! By this train of thought, this is Grandma!" No. You know Grandma because you've seen her before."
-Dr. Larry Hansen, Professor of Pathology, U.C. San Diego School of Medicine


iEye Retina is an exciting, practical application that teaches you how to recognize abnormal retinas with an ophthalmoscope. Without a doubt, the images contained in iEye Retina’s library will be seen in clinic. The abnormal retinas are presented in a rapid quiz format and are organized according to clinical relevance and which will be encountered most frequently. For each image, you have the option to highlight key findings that make retinal pathologies distinguishable. iEye Retina also includes options to create custom quizzes and to see specific images from the collection.


Repetition is the branding iron of knowledge and this application may help make healthcare providers better at recognizing abnormal retinas. Students of all backgrounds, including medical, optometry, nursing, paramedic, emergency medical technician, pharmacy, and undergraduate will discover that iEye Retina is an enjoyable and efficient way to learn. Professionals, including MDs, DOs, PAs, NPs, RNs, NDs, paramedics, EMT-Bs, residents, and interns, will find that iEye Retina is a fun, interactive way to brush up on fundoscopy skills. Medical students studying for Step 1 and Step 2 of the USMLE (United States Medical Licensing Exam) will find iEye Retina extremely high yield in preparing for the multimedia questions. In addition, iEye Retina is straightforward and can be used by anyone interested in learning about common eye problems and conditions. From “Ophthalmoscopy (funduscopy or fundoscopy) is a test that allows a health professional to see inside the fundus of the eye and other structures using an opthalmoscope (or funduscope). It is done as part of an eye examination and may be done as part of a routine physical examination. It is crucial in determining the health of the retina and the vitreous humor.”


Compatible with iPhone and iPod touch.
Requires iPhone 3.0 Software Update or above.



iEye Retina was also created to remind healthcare providers that an undilated ophthalmoscope exam can diagnose the leading causes of visual impairment in the United States while they are still asymptomatic. Though often omitted, patients with eye and/or vision complaints or those receiving a thorough history and physical should receive an ophthalmoscopic examination. Because presenting symptoms and/or signs amongst ocular and neuro-ophthalmological conditions can be similar and easily confused, it is important to refer patients to an Ophthalmologist if there is any uncertainty with regards to findings.

A special thank you to the following for granting permission to use the photos found in this app:

  • University of Iowa, Department of Ophthalmology,
  • University of Utah, John Moran Eye Center, Ophthalmic Pathology Archive
  • Columbia University, Department of Ophthalmology, Digital Reference of Ophthalmology
  • National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health, David G. Cogan Ophthalmic Pathology Collection
  • The New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, The Robert Bendheim Digital Atlas of Ophthalmology
  • Dr. Riley, Indiana University School of Optometry
  • Dr. Cockerham, Cockerham Eye Consultants